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Gaze following in 4.5- and 6-month-old infants: The impact of proximity on standard gaze following performance tests
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3046-0043
2019 (English)In: Infancy, ISSN 1525-0008, E-ISSN 1532-7078, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 79-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gaze following (GF), the ability to synchronize visual attention with others, is often considered a foundation of social cognition. In this study, GF was assessed while changing the space between an actor's eyes and the gaze target. This was done to address a potential confound in the gold standard GF performance test, namely the spatial bias of the actors? eye position that occurs when the actor turns the head to look at a target, offsetting the eye position from a centered position toward the attended target. Our results suggest that both 4.5 (n = 27) and 6 (n = 30)-month-old infants can follow an actor's gaze regardless of proximity. This is the first demonstration that early GF is not dependent on proximity cues, and our results strengthen previous findings suggesting that GF develops well before 6 months of age. The study was preregistered, and all data and analysis routines can be downloaded with provided links.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 24, no 1, p. 79-89
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-370000DOI: 10.1111/infa.12261ISI: 000454512000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-370000DiVA, id: diva2:1272053
Conference
International Congress of Infant Studies (ICIS), 2018/12/18
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2012.0120Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Astor, KimGredebäck, Gustaf

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