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Truth Serum, Liar Serum, and Some Problems About Saying What You Think is False
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1177-4242
2018 (English)In: Lying: Language, Knowledge, Ethics, and Politics / [ed] Eliot Michaelson and Andreas Stokke, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 43-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates the conflict between thought and speech that is inherent in lying: the conflict of saying what you think is false. Traditionally, this is analyzed in terms of saying something and believing that it is false. But cases of unconscious or divided belief challenge these analyses. Amendments involving assent instead of belief fare no better. Attempts to save these analyses by appeal to guises or modes of presentation will also run into trouble. Alternative approaches to untruthfulness are considered. Two new kinds of case are introduced, “truth serum” and “liar serum” cases. Consideration of these cases reveals structural problems with intention- and expectation-based approaches also. The cases suggest that saying what you think is false, or being untruthful, is no less difficult and interesting a subject for analysis than lying itself. The discussion illuminates how the study of lying intertwines with issues in the nature of intentional action.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. p. 43-64
Keywords [en]
lying, belief, untruthfulness, insincerity, Frege puzzles, Kripke’s puzzle about belief, intentional action, speech acts
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-371804DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198743965.003.0003ISBN: 9780198743965 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-371804DiVA, id: diva2:1274526
Available from: 2019-01-01 Created: 2019-01-01 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Pepp, Jessica

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