uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A categorization scheme for assessing pharmacy students' levels of reflection during internships
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Quality and Evaluation Unit, Uppsala University.
Show others and affiliations
2008 (English)In: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, ISSN 0002-9459, E-ISSN 1553-6467, Vol. 72, no 1, 05- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability, feasibility, and responsiveness of a categorization scheme for assessing pharmacy students' levels of reflection during internships. METHODS: Pharmacy interns at Uppsala University were asked to write a reflective essay about patient counseling at the start and end of their internships. A modified version of Kember's categorization scheme for assessing the level of reflection was used to evaluate these essays. RESULTS: Based on their essay scores, the students' levels of reflection increased during the internship course (p < 0.001) The mean time for categorization was 3 minutes per essay. The interrater reliability of the 182 essays was kappa = 0.63. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation of the categorization scheme showed that it has good interrater reliability, feasibility, and responsiveness. This scheme might be useful in pharmacy practice educational settings, but needs further validation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 72, no 1, 05- p.
Keyword [en]
Assessment, Pharmacy internship, Reflective journals, Reflective practice
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-86842ISI: 000253427000005PubMedID: 18322568OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-86842DiVA: diva2:127500
Available from: 2008-12-08 Created: 2008-12-08 Last updated: 2013-01-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pharmacy Internship: Students’ Learning in a Professional Practice Setting
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pharmacy Internship: Students’ Learning in a Professional Practice Setting
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to explore Swedish pharmacist students’ learning during pharmacy internship. Internships are meant to introduce students to professional practice. Education programs have to reflect changes in the professional role, and take into account that learning in a professional practice setting differs from organized formal education. This thesis includes both quantitative and qualitative research approaches and applies workplace learning theories.

A scheme for measuring pharmacy students’ reflective ability was developed and shown to be feasible and reliable. Factors important for reflection were found to be primarily social and contextual, especially trained tutor and small pharmacy size. Notably, learning style or critical thinking did not correlate to students’ reflective ability. Tutors and students perceived that students used a wide variety of activities supporting learning of a broad repertoire of knowledge and skills, preparing them for coming professional working life. Tutors are most important to support learning. However, the current curriculum and formal activities do not address all these outcomes and learning activities used, e.g. workplace learning.

The first overall conclusion is that internship plays an essential part in the pharmacist education program. The integration of formal and informal learning activities during internship, including raising awareness of incidental learning, is important to support students in learning the professional practice of pharmacy. This integration could possibly be strengthened by introducing further tutor training, different assignments, and by using portfolios.

The second conclusion is that the community of practice is essential for students’ learning during internship, especially the student-tutor interaction. Hence, the entire social context has to be considered and it is important to ensure a good learning environment at pharmacies during internship.

In summary, this thesis contributes to the understanding of students’ learning during pharmacy internship and introduces educational research on the Swedish undergraduate pharmacy education programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 95 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 120
Keyword
pharmacy education, educational outcomes, pharmacy internship, advanced pharmacy practice experience, workplace education, tutoring, preceptoring, reflection, reflective practice, reflective journals, learning style, critical thinking
National Category
Social and Clinical Pharmacy
Research subject
Social Pharmacy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112771 (URN)978-91-554-7725-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-03-26, B21, Biomedical Centre (BMC), Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-05 Created: 2010-01-20 Last updated: 2010-03-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

PubMedFulltext

Authority records BETA

Kettis, Åsa

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kettis, Åsa
By organisation
Department of Pharmacy
In the same journal
American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 577 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf