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Decolonising residential segregation and “cultural difference”
(English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

In the context of Swedish anti-segregation strategies and area-based policies, this article critically examines how parliamentary motions create and reproduce a racialised understanding of housing segregation. A close examination of political language reveals a predominantly negative framing of both people and place, where already stigmatised areas are demonised as segregated places where the ‘immigrants’ live. In particular, the disadvantaged position of many of the residents in stigmatised areas is expressed through a consistent construction of non-‘Swedishness’; of not being considered part of Sweden based on perceived cultural difference framed as an individual or spatial attribute. In addition, the condition of not belonging is believed to merge with a condition of ‘utanförskap’, (‘outsiderness’). Despite the ideological differences between the various political parties, de-colonisation is still lacking in the Swedish political discourse on ethnic residential segregation.

Keywords [en]
Segregation, ‘utanförskap’, racialisation, racism, poverty
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373396OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-373396DiVA, id: diva2:1278484
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-14
In thesis
1. Constructing the Suburb: Swedish Discourses of Spatial Stigmatisation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing the Suburb: Swedish Discourses of Spatial Stigmatisation
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

By exploring representations of place, this thesis treats practices of spatial stigmatisation in the context of segregated Swedish cities. In three papers, different aspects of stigmatisation and place-making are discussed and analysed, where the overarching ambition is to identify and critically deconstruct the ideology behind stigma as well as suggest ways of making representation positive. In other words, this thesis takes issue with the negative labels attached to certain urban areas by exploring dominant discursive trends and mechanisms, or techniques, of creating spatial stigma.

Theoretically, the analysis is informed by postcolonial critical research on segregation and representations of people and place, where place-making is of particular importance. The case study consists of printed news media and political discourse concerning stigmatised urban areas in Sweden, and the method is inspired by critical discourse analysis.

The empirical material covers a period of twenty years, and the analysis is particularly focused on constructions of ‘race’ and poverty and how these two dimensions intertwine. The main findings point to a dominant trend of representing stigmatised neighbourhoods as failed and miserable places that are not considered part of Sweden. They become racialised both through representations of the neighbourhoods as foreign and unintegrated places and through representations of the residents, usually categorised as the ‘immigrants’, as culturally different from ‘Swedes’.  There are signs of a more critical discourse which challenges the negative representations, but it remains weak compared to the predominance of the negative reporting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Social and Economic Geography, 2019. p. 93
Series
Geographica, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 21
Keywords
Spatial stigmatisation, segregation, representation, suburb, discourse
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373397 (URN)978-91-506-2742-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-03-08, Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, 753 10, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-02-15 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-02-22

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Citation style
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