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Antibiotic and pesticide susceptibility and the Anthropocene operating space
Royal Swedish Acad Sci, Global Econ Dynam & Biosphere, Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
Arizona State Univ, Dept Psychol, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA.
North Carolina State Univ, Raleigh, NC USA.
Univ Arizona, Tucson, AZ USA.
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2018 (English)In: NATURE SUSTAINABILITY, ISSN 2398-9629, Vol. 1, no 11, p. 632-641Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rising levels of antimicrobial and pesticide resistance increasingly undermine human health and systems for biomass production, and emphasize the sustainability challenge of preserving organisms susceptible to these biocides. In this Review, we introduce key concepts and examine dynamics of biocide susceptibility that must be governed to address this challenge. We focus on the impact of biocides on the capacity of susceptible organisms to prevent spread of resistance, and we then review how biocide use affects a broader suite of ecosystem services. Finally, we introduce and assess the state of what we term the Anthropocene operating space of biocide susceptibility, a framework for assessing the potential of antibiotic and pesticide resistance to undermine key functions of human society. Based on current trends in antibiotic, insecticide and herbicide resistance, we conclude that the states of all six assessed variables are beyond safe zones, with three variables surpassed regionally or globally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2018. Vol. 1, no 11, p. 632-641
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372953DOI: 10.1038/s41893-018-0164-3ISI: 000450118100008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-372953DiVA, id: diva2:1278881
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-00451Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved

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