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Female political empowerment in peacebuilding
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Recently, during the past decades, the important role played by women in the maintenance and building of peace (in the study defined as the absence of violence) through formal and informal leadership has been highlighted. This is a role that has been recognised by international conventions such as UN Resolution 1325 and also been featured in previous scholarship. As such, female political empowerment in peacebuilding has yielded interesting observations regarding the prospect towards a reduction of intra-state violence levels. Thus, this constitutes a correlation that was quantitatively analysed in the present thesis through a regression analysis using a log-liner model. The regression analysis was guided by the research question of whether an increase in female political empowerment (independent variable) results in a decrease of intra-state violence levels (dependent variable) or not. Furthermore, the tested hypothesis stated that countries featuring higher levels of female political empowerment will feature lower levels of intra-state violence. The undertaken study and analysis reject the null hypothesis (that no correlation nor relationship between female political empowerment and levels of intra-state violence exist) by concluding that female political empowerment is negatively correlated in a statistically significant way with levels of intra-state violence. Three further independent variables were tested and controlled for as well: GDP per capita, level of primary education and democracy; the result of which stated that female political empowerment holds the stronger relationship and correlation vis-à-vis levels of intra-state violence.

Abstract [es]

Durante las últimas décadas, el importante papel desempeñado por las mujeres en el mantenimiento y construcción de la paz (en el presente estudio definido como la ausencia de violencia) a través de posiciones de liderzago formal e informal. Este es un rol reconocido por convenciones internacionales, la Resolución 1325 de las Naciones Unidas entre otros. Por ende, el empoderamiento político femenino en la construcción de paz ha resaltado observaciones interesantes con respecto a la perspectiva de una reducción de los niveles de violencia dentro de un país. Por lo tanto, esto constituye la correlación analizada con métodos cuantitativos en la presente tésis, utilizando una regresión de Poisson. Dicho análisis fue basado en la pregunta de si un aumento en el empoderamiento político femenino (la variable independiente) resulta en disminución de niveles de violencia intraestatal (la variable dependiente) o no. Además, la 3 hipótesis analizada establecía una correlación entre los países con altos niveles de empoderamiento político femenino también siendo los países presentando niveles más bajos de violencia intraestatal. El estudio y el análisis rechazan la hipótesis nula (de que no existe correlación ni relación alguna entre el empoderamiento femenino y niveles de violencia intraestatal) al concluir que el empoderamiento político femenino está correlacionado negativamente de manera estadísticamente significativa con niveles de violencia intraestatal. También se evaluaron tres variables independientes adicionales: PIB per cápita, el nivel de educación primaria, y democracia. El resultado general del estudio declara que el empoderamiento político femenino muestra una correlación más sólida con respecto a los niveles de violencia intraestatal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
National Category
Political Science Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-376528DiVA, id: diva2:1286209
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Peace and Development Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-06 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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