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Complementarity of R&D and productivity in SME export behavior
Austrian Inst Econ Res WIFO, Arsenal Objekt 20, A-1030 Vienna, Austria.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies. Florida Int Univ, Dept Int Business, 11200 SW 8th St,Mango 423, Miami, FL 33199 USA.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 96, p. 157-168Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the link between export behavior, labor productivity and R&D activities in 17,168 small and medium-sized firms (SMEs) in Austria, during the period 1995-2011. The analysis covers six subgroups of SMEs: young, old, micro, born global, manufacturing, and services. Using a two-part model controlling for firm effects, the results show that both the export participation and the export share of SMEs depend significantly and positively on the level of labor productivity (relative to that of large firms in the same industry) and the R&D-sales ratio. Another important finding is that labor productivity strengthens the relationship between R&D activities and exports. Marginal effects show a large degree of heterogeneity in the relationships across the six subgroups of SMEs. The link between R&D and export behavior, for a given level of labor productivity, is relatively pronounced for manufacturing SMEs, larger and older SMEs, while the other sub-groups are less affected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC , 2019. Vol. 96, p. 157-168
Keywords [en]
Export activities, SMEs, Micro-firms, R&D activities, Labor productivity, Two-part models, Panel data methods
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377200DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.11.018ISI: 000457512300014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-377200DiVA, id: diva2:1291542
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-25 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Figueira-de-Lemos, Francisco

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CiteExportLink to record
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