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Long-term spot monitoring of the young solar analogue V889 Herculis
Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
Max Planck Inst Solar Syst Res, Justus von Liebig Weg 3, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany.
Max Planck Inst Solar Syst Res, Justus von Liebig Weg 3, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany;Aalto Univ, ReSoLVE Ctr Excellence, Dept Comp Sci, POB 15400, Aalto 00076, Finland.
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2019 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 622, article id A170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context: Starspots are important manifestations of stellar magnetic activity. By studying their behaviour in young solar analogues, we can unravel the properties of their magnetic cycles. This gives crucial information of the underlying dynamo process. Comparisons with the solar cycle enable us to infer knowledge about how the solar dynamo has evolved during the Sun's lifetime.

Aims: Here we study the correlation between photometric brightness variations, spottedness, and mean temperature in V889 Her, a young solar analogue. Our data covers 18 years of spectroscopic and 25 years of photometric observations.

Methods: We use Doppler imaging to derive temperature maps from high-resolution spectra. We use the Continuous Period Search method to retrieve mean V-magnitudes from photometric data.

Results: Our Doppler imaging maps show a persistent polar spot structure varying in strength. This structure is centred slightly off the rotational pole. The mean temperature derived from the maps shows an overall decreasing trend, as does the photometric mean brightness, until it reaches its minimum around 2017. The filling factor of cool spots, however, shows only a weak tendency to anti-correlate with the decreasing mean brightness.

Conclusions: We interpret V889 Her to have entered into a grand maximum in its activity. The clear relation between the mean temperature of the Doppler imaging surface maps and the mean magnitude supports the reliability of the Doppler images. The lack of correlation between the mean magnitude and the spottedness may indicate that bright features in the Doppler images are real.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EDP SCIENCES S A , 2019. Vol. 622, article id A170
Keywords [en]
stars: activity, starspots, stars: solar-type, stars: individual: HD 171488
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-378369DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834562ISI: 000458749900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-378369DiVA, id: diva2:1294317
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research CouncilSwedish National Space BoardAvailable from: 2019-03-07 Created: 2019-03-07 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved

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Kochukhov, OlegPiskunov, Nikolai

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