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The Social Cost of Automobility, Cycling and Walking in the European Union
Linnaeus Univ, Sch Business & Econ, S-39182 Kalmar, Sweden;Lund Univ, Serv Management & Serv Studies, Box 882, S-25108 Helsingborg, Sweden;Western Norway Res Inst, POB 163, N-6851 Sogndal, Norway.
Natl Inst Ecol, Seocheon 33657, Choongnam, South Korea.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
Munich Univ Appl Sci, Schachenmeierstr 35, D-80636 Munich, Germany.
2019 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 158, p. 65-74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cost-benefit-analyses (CBA) are widely used to assess transport projects. Comparing various CBA frameworks, this paper concludes that the range of parameters considered in EU transport CBA is limited. A comprehensive list of criteria is presented, and unit costs identified. These are used to calculate the external and private cost of automobility, cycling and walking in the European Union. Results suggest that each kilometer driven by car incurs an external cost of (sic)0.11, while cycling and walking represent benefits of (sic)0.18 and (sic)0.37 per kilometer. Extrapolated to the total number of passenger kilometers driven, cycled or walked in the European Union, the cost of automobility is about (sic)500 billion per year. Due to positive health effects, cycling is an external benefit worth (sic)24 billion per year and walking (sic)66 billion per year. CBA frameworks in the EU should be widened to better include the full range of externalities, and, where feasible, be used comparatively to better understand the consequences of different transport investment decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2019. Vol. 158, p. 65-74
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-378616DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.12.016ISI: 000458222400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-378616DiVA, id: diva2:1295211
Available from: 2019-03-11 Created: 2019-03-11 Last updated: 2019-03-11Bibliographically approved

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