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Liberal national identity: thinner than conservative, thicker than civic?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
2019 (English)In: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 693-711Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many of the political debates in Europe call for the strengthening of a national identity that is, somewhat paradoxically, described in universal liberal terms. Yet previous research has not been able to tell to which extent these conceptions of national identity are indeed liberal. This is because we lack an analytical tool that allows liberal conceptions of national identity to be separated from for example conservative ones. There is also a pervasive yet questionable assumption that the more liberal a national identity is the less it can per definition be truly national. This paper seeks to remedy this gap, by bridging the literature on these empirical trends of civic integration with the normative debates surrounding liberal nationalism The result is a tripartite typology for the conceptions of national identity in conservative nationalism, liberal nationalism, and constitutional patriotism, respectively. Each is specified along the following dimensions: (1) whether the sense of national belonging is defined by vertical or horizontal ties; (2) whether the national history is to be revered, taken as a starting point, or critically scrutinised; (3) whether the legitimate place for the shared activity by which the national identity is upheld excludes the private or even the public non-political sphere; (4) whether we are asked to cultivate feelings of piety or loyalty to the homeland; and (5) whether or not the shared public culture of the nation is considered changeable and enforceable. Policy implications for individual rights, immigration and cultural minorities are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 19, no 4, p. 693-711
Keywords [en]
liberal nationalism, constitutional patriotism, civic nationalism, ethnic nationalism, civic integration, public culture, religious establishment, national identity, conservative nationalism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-379191DOI: 10.1177/1468796819843542ISI: 000482353300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-379191DiVA, id: diva2:1295946
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 330-2014-6442Available from: 2019-03-13 Created: 2019-03-13 Last updated: 2019-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Gustavsson, Gina

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