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The Arrival of Fast Internet and Employment in Africa
Columbia Univ, Uris Hall 622,3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027 USA;BREAD, New York, NY 10027 USA;CEPR, Washington, DC 20009 USA;NBER, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2019 (English)In: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 109, no 3, p. 1032-1079Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To show how fast Internet affects employment in Africa, we exploit the gradual arrival of submarine Internet cables on the coast and maps of the terrestrial cable network. Robust difference-in-differences estimates from 3 datasets, covering 12 countries, show large positive effects on employment rates-also for less educated worker groups-with little or no job displacement across space. The sample-wide impact is driven by increased employment in higher-skill occupations, but less-educated workers' employment gain less so. Firm-level data available for some countries indicate that increased firm entry, productivity, and exporting contribute to higher net job creation. Average incomes rise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 109, no 3, p. 1032-1079
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-379335DOI: 10.1257/aer.20161385ISI: 000459945000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-379335DiVA, id: diva2:1296587
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved

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Poulsen, Jonas

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