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DSM-5 and ICD-11 symptom profiles in a diverse sample of trauma victims
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7062-1011
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1317-2093
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2506-6527
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Research suggest different trajectories of posttraumatic stress symptoms over time (e.g., resilient, recovering, and chronic) among survivors from natural disasters. It is not known, however, if disaster survivors present with distinct symptom profiles and, if so, whether these profiles are related to severity, recovery and exposure characteristics.Methods and Results: This study aims to investigate symptom profiles among Swedish survivors of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami using latent profile analysis. Participants include adult survivors who were pulled into the waves and responded to postal surveys 1 and 3 years after the disaster (n=2009). Posttraumatic stress symptoms were assessed with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). The symptom profiles generated from the first year survey will be compared with regard to established predictors of posttraumatic stress, such as disaster exposure, bereavement, perceived social support as well as posttraumatic stress and general distress at three years.Discussion: The presentation will shed light on whether there are distinct symptom profiles among disaster survivors. We will discuss the implications for psychosocial care after natural disasters. The results are relevant for victims of natural disasters in general, and increases knowledge about the characteristics of posttraumatic stress and may improve psychosocial services after traumatic events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-382947DiVA, id: diva2:1314053
Conference
The 15th European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies Conference, Odense, Denmark, June 2-4
Available from: 2019-05-07 Created: 2019-05-07 Last updated: 2019-10-24

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Bondjers, KristinaArnberg, FilipWillebrand, Mimmie

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