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A cost-effectiveness analysis of anchorage reinforcement with miniscrews and molar blocks in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Publ Dent Hlth Serv, Dept Orthodont, Gävle, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4588-3543
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Research and Development, Gävleborg. Publ Dent Hlth Serv, Dept Orthodont, Gävle, Sweden.
Malmö Univ, Fac Odontol, Dept Orthodont, Malmö, Sweden.
Malmö Univ, Fac Odontol, Dept Orthodont, Malmö, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Orthodontics, ISSN 0141-5387, E-ISSN 1460-2210, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 180-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To analyse cost-effectiveness of anchorage reinforcement with buccal miniscrews and with molar blocks. We hypothesized that anchorage with miniscrews is more cost-effective than anchorage with molar blocks.

Trial design: A single-centre, two-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial.

Methods: Adolescents (age 11–19 years) in need of treatment with fixed appliance, premolar extractions, and en masse retraction were recruited from one Public Dental Health specialist centre. The intervention arm received anchorage reinforcement with buccal miniscrews during space closure. The active comparator received anchorage reinforcement with molar blocks during levelling/alignment and space closure. The primary outcome measure was societal costs defined as the sum of direct and indirect costs. Randomization was conducted as simple randomization stratified on gender. The patients, caregivers, and outcome assessors were not blinded.

Results: Eighty patients were randomized into two groups. The trial is completed. All patients were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. The median societal costs for the miniscrew group were €4681 and for the molar block group were €3609. The median of the difference was €825 (95% confidence interval (CI) 431–1267). This difference was mainly caused by significantly higher direct costs consisting of material and chair time costs. Differences in chair time costs were related to longer treatment duration. No serious harms were detected, one screw fractured during insertion and three screws were lost during treatment.

Generalizability and limitations: The monetary variables are calculated based on a number of local factors and assumptions and cannot necessarily be transferred to other countries. Variables such as chair time, number of appointments, and treatment duration are generalizable. Owing to the study protocol, the benefit of miniscrews as a stable anchorage has not been fully utilized.

Conclusions: When only moderate anchorage reinforcement is needed, miniscrews are less cost-effective than molar blocks. The initial hypothesis was rejected. Miniscrews provide better anchorage reinforcement at a higher price. They should be used in cases where anchorage loss cannot be accepted.

Trial registration: NCT02644811

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 41, no 2, p. 180-187
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382986DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjy041ISI: 000464935900009PubMedID: 30668660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-382986DiVA, id: diva2:1315229
Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-13 Last updated: 2019-05-13Bibliographically approved

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Ganzer, Niels

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