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Evaluation of a 6-week digital self-management treatment program  for patients with osteoarthritis: Effect on physical function, health-related quality of life,  and pain intensity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Utvärdering av en 6-veckors digital artrosskola för patienter med  knä- och höftartros : Effekt på fysisk funktionsnivå, hälsorelaterad livskvalitet  och upplevd smärta (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: In Sweden, a well-established self-management program for patients with OA has reported to be effective. Joint Academy has developed a digital version of the conventional program to increase availability.

 

Objective: To explore if a group of patients with either hip or knee OA, who participated in a six-week digital self-management program Joint Academy, would change their physical function, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), and pain levels. Another objective was to compare the treatment effects between hip and knee OA.

 

Methods: Patients with hip or knee OA in Sweden were recruited (n=505) via their usage of Joint Academy’s application. Data were collected at baseline and the six-week follow-up via the application. Physical function was measured with 30 seconds chair stand test, HRQoL was evaluated with EQ-5D 5L, and pain intensity was rated with a numerical rating scale.

 

Results: Data from 448 patients (knee OA=260, hip OA=188) were included in the analysis. The results showed significant improvement in physical function, HRQoL, and pain intensity. There was no significant difference between the groups.

 

Conclusion: The effects are comparable with the conventional self-management program currently used in Sweden, which strengthens the evidence that a digital self-management program is a suitable alternative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Osteoarthritis, digital treatment, mobile application, physical function, pain intensity, health-related quality of life.
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385012DiVA, id: diva2:1322380
External cooperation
Joint Academy
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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