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Trees for Peace: Local Natural Resource Governance and Human Security in Karen Areas in Southeast Myanmar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Although natural resource governance in post-conflict settings is increasingly considered in peacebuilding interventions, there has been limited academic evidence that supports the proposed benefits, especially on the micro-level in the aftermath of intrastate conflict. This thesis aims to fill this gap by answering the question how local natural resource governance affects human security. Drawing upon existing literature on natural resource governance, peacebuilding and human security, this thesis argues levels of human security are likely to be higher when natural resources are governed locally as the governance is better adapted to the daily needs of local communities. This hypothesis is tested using a qualitative research method of structured focused comparison to compare two cases of (local) natural resource governance in Karen areas in Southeast Myanmar from 2012 to 2018. This study finds support for the hypothesised relationship and higher levels of human security are observed when natural resource are governed locally rather than nationally. When daily needs are mentioned, these are accounted for in the local natural resource governance, which in turn increases human security. This thesis also finds support for a potential direct relationship between local natural resource governance and human security, without the daily needs pathway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385115DiVA, id: diva2:1322849
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-06-17 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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