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DO YOU HEAR THE PEOPLE?: THE ROLE OF BIASED MEDIATORS IN THE INCLUSION OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN PEACE AGREEMENTS
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This is the first statistical study addressing the lack of knowledge on enabling factors for civil society inclusion in peace agreements. This work argues that biased mediators outperform neutral mediators in bringing civil society to take part in peace agreements. Arguing that biased mediators, seeking to protect their protégés, will make use of their personal relationship to bargain for the inclusion of civil society in peace agreements, the work seeks to answer the questions on whether biased mediators contribute to the inclusion of civil society in peace agreements. Logistic regressions are made to provide empirical results and analysis covering the 1989-2011 period with data gathered from an updated dataset from Svensson (2009). UCDP and PAX analyses the inclusion of civil society in peace agreements in two different forms: by capturing the presence of civil society actors present in the formulation/signing of the agreement – inclusive negotiations -; and capturing the existence of provisions in the text of the peace agreement that mentions including civil society – inclusive peace agreements - in the implementation of the agreement. Quantitative evidence is found supporting the effectiveness of biased mediators, especially if biased towards the government, in increasing the likelihood of inclusive negotiations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
Civil society, inclusion, peace agreements, mediation, partiality, civil war, inclusive negotiations, bias
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385425OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385425DiVA, id: diva2:1324183
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-06-17 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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