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Refugee repatriation: The case of Rwandan refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

When a conflict ends the general expectation is that the refugees generated by the conflict return home to participate in the post-conflict peace building, but this is not always the case. Repatriation has usually been studied by looking at how better living standards in the host country lower refugees’ incentives to return home. Thereby, previous research did not focus much on why refugees living in host countries with worse living standards than their country of origin sometimes still refrains from repatriation. This study aims to contribute to filling this gap by asking: what factors determine refugee’s willingness to repatriate? Theoretically, this is examined by focusing on how the security situation in the host country and perceptions of home influences refugee repatriation. Empirically, it is studied by a comparative analysis of two different time periods when Rwandan refugees repatriated from the DR Congo. The study finds that refugees’ willingness to repatriate is based on three factors: the security situation in the home country, the security situation in the host country, and the security situation on the repatriation route. Moreover, the study finds that negative perceptions of home make refugees less willing to repatriate, and that information campaigns providing positive information about the home country increases refugee’s willingness to repatriate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 62
Keywords [en]
Rwandan refugees, refugee repatriation, post-conflict peacebuilding, Rwandan refugees abroad, Rwandan Hutu refugees, FDLR, security situation, perceptions of home
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385458OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385458DiVA, id: diva2:1324388
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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