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Five years of searches for point sources of astrophysical neutrinos with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics, High Energy Physics. (high energy physics)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics, High Energy Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics, High Energy Physics.
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2007 (English)In: Physical Review D. Particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 75, no 10, 102001- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the results of a five-year survey of the northern sky to search for point sources of high energy neutrinos. The search was performed on the data collected with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope in the years 2000 to 2004, with a live time of 1001 days. The sample of selected events consists of 4282 upward going muon tracks with high reconstruction quality and an energy larger than about 100 GeV. We found no indication of point sources of neutrinos and set 90% confidence level flux upper limits for an all-sky search and also for a catalog of 32 selected sources. For the all-sky search, our average (over declination and right ascension) experimentally observed upper limit Phi0=((E/(1 TeV)))gamma·((d Phi)/dE) to a point source flux of muon and tau neutrino (detected as muons arising from taus) is Phinu[sub mu] + [overline nu ][sub mu]0+Phinu[sub tau] + [overline nu ][sub tau]0=11.1×  10-11 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1, in the energy range between 1.6 TeV and 2.5 PeV for a flavor ratio Phinu[sub mu] + [overline nu ][sub mu]0/Phinu[sub tau] + [overline nu ][sub tau]0=1 and assuming a spectral index gamma=2. It should be noticed that this is the first time we set upper limits to the flux of muon and tau neutrinos. In previous papers we provided muon neutrino upper limits only neglecting the sensitivity to a signal from tau neutrinos, which improves the limits by 10% to 16%. The value of the average upper limit presented in this work corresponds to twice the limit on the muon neutrino flux Phinu[sub mu] + [overline nu ][sub mu]0=5.5×10-11 TeV-1 cm-2 s-1. A stacking analysis for preselected active galactic nuclei and a search based on the angular separation of the events were also performed. We report the most stringent flux upper limits to date, including the results of a detailed assessment of systematic uncertainties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 75, no 10, 102001- p.
Keyword [en]
HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS, FLUX
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-87507DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.102001ISI: 000246891400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-87507DiVA: diva2:132550
Available from: 2008-12-19 Created: 2008-12-19 Last updated: 2011-02-08Bibliographically approved

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Pérez de los Heros, Carlos

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