Re-evaluation of the enigmatic species complex Saprolegnia diclina-Saprolegnia parasitica based on morphological, physiological and molecular data
2007 (English)In: Fungal Genetics and Biology, ISSN 1087-1845, E-ISSN 1096-0937, Vol. 44, no 7, 585-601 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The phylogenetic relationships among isolates of the Saprolegnia diclina-Saprolegnia parasitica complex were investigated based on ITS rDNA sequences, and correlated with morphological and physiological characters. The isolates studied belong to five phylogenetically separate clades. The majority of presumed parasitic isolates, mostly isolated from fish lesions, fell within a clade that comprises isolates which has been variously named as S. diclina Type 1, S. parasitica, Saprolegnia salmonis or just as unnamed Saprolegnia sp. Presence of bundles of long-hooked hairs on secondary cysts, high frequency of retracted germination, and oogonia production at 7 degrees C (when occurring) were characteristic of this clade. A single isolate identified as S. diclina Type 2 clustered in a clade along with Saprolegnia ferax isolates. The isolates identified as S. diclina s. str. (S. diclina Type 3) distributed in two clades and appeared closely related to Saprolegnia multispora and to a number of Chilean isolates identified as Saprolegnia australis. The ITS sequences of clade I were almost identical even though the isolates were of diverse geographical origins and showed physiological and morphological differences and variations in their pathogenicity. This suggest these species reproduces clonally even in apparently sexually competent isolates. Adaptation to parasitism in Saprolegnia might have occurred at spore level by the development of long-hooked hairs to facilitate host attachment and selection of a retracting germination. The use of the name S. parasitica should be assigned to isolates of clade I that contained isolates forming cysts with bundles of long-hooked hairs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 44, no 7, 585-601 p.
Saprolegnia, Oomycetes, Zoospore, Phylogeny, ITS rDNA, Freshwater, Salmonids, Pathogenicity, Fish pathology
Research subject Microbiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-87497DOI: 10.1016/j.fgb.2007.02.010ISI: 000247113200002PubMedID: 17446097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-87497DiVA: diva2:132608