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Crosstalk between mitochondria, calcium channels and actin cytoskeleton modulates noradrenergic activity of locus coeruleus neurons
Univ Newcastle, Sch Biomed Sci & Pharm, Callaghan, NSW, Australia;Hunter Med Res Inst, Callaghan, NSW, Australia;Univ Taquari Valley Univates, Sch Med, Hlth & Med Res Grp, Lajeado, RS, Brazil;Bairro Univ, Avelino Tallini St 171, BR-95914014 Lajeado, RS, Brazil.
Univ Newcastle, Sch Biomed Sci & Pharm, Callaghan, NSW, Australia;Hunter Med Res Inst, Callaghan, NSW, Australia;Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Brain Inst, Natal, RN, Brazil.
Univ Newcastle, Sch Biomed Sci & Pharm, Callaghan, NSW, Australia;Hunter Med Res Inst, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.
Univ Auckland, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Auckland, New Zealand.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Neurochemistry, ISSN 0022-3042, E-ISSN 1471-4159, Vol. 149, no 4, p. 471-487Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Locus coeruleus (LC) is the name of a group of large sized neurons located at the brain stem, which provides the main source of noradrenaline to the central nervous system, virtually, innervating the whole brain. All noradrenergic signalling provided by this nucleus is dependent on an intrinsic pacemaker process. Our study aims to understand how noradrenergic neurons finely tune their pacemaker processes and regulate their activities. Here we present that mitochondrial perturbation in the LC from mice, inhibits spontaneous firing by a hyperpolarizing response that involves Ca2+ entry via L-type Ca2+ channels and the actin cytoskeleton. We found that pharmacological perturbation of mitochondria from LC neurons using the protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), induced a dominant hyperpolarizing response when electrophysiological approaches were performed. Surprisingly, the CCCP-induced hyperpolarizing response was dependent on L-type Ca2+ channel-mediated Ca2+ entry, as it was inhibited by: the removal of extracellular Ca2+; the addition of Cd2+; nifedipine or nicardipine; but not by the intracellular dialysis with the Ca2+ chelator 1,2-Bis(2-Aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N ',N '-tetraacetic acid, the latter indicating that the response was not because of a global change in [Ca2+](c) but does not exclude action at intracellular microdomains. Further to this, the incubation of slices with cytochalasin D, an agent that depolymerises the actin cytoskeleton, inhibited the hyperpolarizing response indicating an involvement of the actin cytoskeleton. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that there is a crosstalk between mitochondria and L-type Ca2+ channels leading to modulation of noradrenergic neuronal activity mediated by the actin cytoskeleton. Open Science Badges This article has received a badge for *Open Materials* because it provided all relevant information to reproduce the study in the manuscript. The complete Open Science Disclosure form for this article can be found at the end of the article. More information about the Open Practices badges can be found at.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2019. Vol. 149, no 4, p. 471-487
Keywords [en]
actin cytoskeleton, calcium channels, locus coeruleus, mitochondria, neuronal activity, noradrenergic
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-386166DOI: 10.1111/jnc.14692ISI: 000468834600004PubMedID: 30828804OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-386166DiVA, id: diva2:1328019
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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Leão, Richardson N

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