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ADHD and depressive symptoms in adolescents: the role of community violence exposure
Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, Dept Prevent Intervent Psychiat Disorders, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashicho, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan;Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change SCOHOST, S-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.
UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Reg Ctr Child & Youth Mental Hlth & Child Welf, Tromso, Norway.
Univ Barcelona, Fundacio St Joan Deu, Parc Sanitari St Joan Deu,Dr Antoni Pujadas 42, Barcelona 08830, Spain;Inst Salud Carlos III, Ctr Invest Biomed Red Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Monforte Lemos 3-5 Pabellon 11, Madrid 28029, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9565-5004
Univ N Carolina, Carolina Populat Ctr, 123 West Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 USA.
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2019 (English)In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 54, no 6, p. 683-691Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose Comorbid depression is common in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As yet, however, little is known about the factors associated with co-occurring depression in this population. To address this research gap, the current study examined the role of community violence exposure in the association between ADHD symptoms and depression. Methods Data came from 505 Russian adolescents [mean age 14.37 (SD = 0.96)] who had teacher-reported information on ADHD symptoms that was collected in conjunction with the Social and Health Assessment (SAHA). Adolescent self-reports of witnessing and being a victim of community violence were also obtained while depressive symptoms were self-assessed with an adapted version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine associations. Results In univariable analyses, both witnessing and being a victim of violence were associated with significantly increased odds for depressive symptoms in adolescents with ADHD symptoms compared to non-ADHD adolescents who had not experienced community violence. However, in the multivariable analysis only being a victim of violence continued to be associated with significantly increased odds for depression [odds ratio (OR) 4.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.33-16.35]. Conclusion Exposure to community violence may be associated with depression in adolescents with ADHD symptoms. Clinicians should enquire about exposure to community violence in adolescents with ADHD/ADHD symptoms. Early therapeutic interventions to address the effects of violence exposure in adolescents with ADHD may be beneficial for preventing depression in this group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG , 2019. Vol. 54, no 6, p. 683-691
Keywords [en]
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Depressive symptoms, Witness violence, Violent victimization, Adolescent
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-386437DOI: 10.1007/s00127-019-01662-5ISI: 000469248100004PubMedID: 30706080OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-386437DiVA, id: diva2:1328068
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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Ruchkin, Vladislav V.

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