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Immediate Upregulation of Proteins Belonging to Different Branches of the Apoptotic Cascade in the Retina after Optic Nerve Transection and Optic Nerve Crush
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Developmental Neuroscience.
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2009 (English)In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, ISSN 0146-0404, Vol. 50, no 1, 424-431 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


To further investigate the molecular signals underlying optic nerve (ON) injury we have analyzed in adult control, ON transected and ON crushed retinas, the expression pattern and time-course regulation of the following proteins, all of which are linked to apoptosis through different pathways: Stat 1, Caspase 11 (inflammation and death), Cathepsins C and B (lysosomal death pathway), Calpain 1 (endoplasmic reticulum stress), Calreticulin (apoptosis marker), Jun (early response) and Ahr (cell cycle arrest).


Adult female rats were subjected to either intraorbital optic nerve transection (IONT) or intraorbital optic nerve crush (IONC). Protein from naive and ON injured adult rat retinas was extracted at increasing time-points post-lesion and western blotting experiments carried out. For immnuhistofluorescence analyses, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) were retrogradelly identified with fluorogold applied to the superior colliculi one week before injury.


Western blotting analyses revealed up-regulation of all the analyzed proteins as soon as 12 hours post-lesion (hpl) peaking at 48hpl, in agreement with our previous RNA studies1. Furthermore, immunohistofluorescence to radial sections show that all of them, but Stat1, are expressed by the primarily injured neurons, the RGCs, as seen by colocalization with FG.


All analyzed proteins were up-regulated in the retina after IONT or IONC as soon as 12hpl, indicating that ON injury regulates several branches of the apoptotic cascade and suggesting that commitment to death might be an earlier event than previously anticipated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 50, no 1, 424-431 p.
Keyword [en]
apoptosis, ganglion cell, transcription factors, optic nerve injury, proteases, lysosome
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-87632DOI: 10.1167/iovs.08-2404ISI: 000262199900055PubMedID: 18775855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-87632DiVA: diva2:132818
Available from: 2009-01-05 Created: 2009-01-05 Last updated: 2012-03-23Bibliographically approved

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