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Biological/Genetic Regulation of Physical Activity Level: Consensus From Genbiopac
Texas A&M Univ, Dept Hlth & Kinesiol, College Stn, TX USA;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Genet & Biol Determinants Phys Act Consortium Gen, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Genet & Biol Determinants Phys Act Consortium Gen, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Genet & Biol Determinants Phys Act Consortium Gen, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Univ Missouri, Dept Nutr & Exercise Physiol, Columbia, MO USA;Univ Missouri, Dept Biomed Sci, Columbia, MO USA.
Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Genet & Biol Determinants Phys Act Consortium Gen, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Univ Texas Austin, Dept Nutr Sci, Austin, TX USA.
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2018 (English)In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 863-873Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Physical activity unquestionably maintains and improves health; however, physical activity levels globally are low and not rising despite all the resources devoted to this goal. Attention in both the research literature and the public policy domain has focused on social-behavioral factors; however, a growing body of literature suggests that biological determinants play a significant role in regulating physical activity levels. For instance, physical activity level, measured in various manners, has a genetic component in both humans and nonhuman animal models. This consensus article, developed as a result of an American College of Sports Medicine-sponsored round table, provides a brief review of the theoretical concepts and existing literature that supports a significant role of genetic and other biological factors in the regulation of physical activity.

Conclusions: Future research on physical activity regulation should incorporate genetics and other biological determinants of physical activity instead of a sole reliance on social and other environmental determinants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 50, no 4, p. 863-873
Keywords [en]
Animal, Biology, Genetics, Genomics, Human, Physical Activity, Spontaneous Activity, Voluntary Physical Activity
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387467DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001499ISI: 000427796400028PubMedID: 29166322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-387467DiVA, id: diva2:1330019
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-03657Swedish Heart Lung FoundationAvailable from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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den Hoed, Marcel

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