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Economic Adversity and Voter Turnout in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Do times of personal economic hardship affect the individual’s decision to vote? Using individual panel data from the Swedish Election Studies for the eight elections 1985-2010, and a subjective evaluation of one’s economic situation to measure economic hardship, the significance of the results is found to be sensitive to the sample and model specifications. The most rigorous fixed effect specification finds the feeling of being financially worse off to have no significant effect on the individual’s decision to vote. The results are corroborated with a sensitivity analysis that uses individual unemployment as a measure of economic adversity. Through a subgroup analysis, no heterogeneous effects of economic adversity on electoral participation were found amongst the young, the poor, or the retired. The null findings are potentially a result of Sweden offering strong welfare protection while also having its political system seen as one of the least clear in terms of responsibility. However, the retirees were found to be more inclined to vote after feeling their financial situation improve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 49
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-388928DiVA, id: diva2:1335972
Subject / course
Economics
Educational program
Master Programme in Economics
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-07-08 Created: 2019-07-08 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved

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