Functional insights into long antisense noncoding RNA Kcnq1ot1 mediated bidirectional silencing
2008 (English)In: RNA biology, ISSN 1547-6286, Vol. 5, no 4, 208-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The prevailing view has been that noncoding antisense RNA primarily regulates the transcriptional activity of its sense counterpart, however, a subset of long noncoding antisense RNAs, such as Kcnq1ot1 and Air, have been shown to regulate the transcriptional silencing of multiple genes spread over several hundred kilobases on either side of their promoters. It is however unknown how these long RNAs regulate the transcriptional silencing of multiple genes. Our recent work demonstrated through exploiting an episomal-based system that the Kcnq1ot1 RNA harbors a silencing domain at its 5' end which mediates transcriptional silencing through introducing repressive histone modifications, and by interacting with the chromatin and targeting the associated regions to the perinucleolar space. Based on our current findings as well as previous findings from other labs, we propose a model resembling that of Xist-mediated chromosomal silencing, wherein Kcnq1ot1 RNA initiates transcriptional silencing by coating the flanking chromatin regions and directing the heterochromatin machinery. Maintenance of silencing through subsequent cell divisions would then occur via the targeting of Kcnq1ot1-associated chromatin to the perinucleolar space.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 5, no 4, 208-11 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-87783PubMedID: 18971626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-87783DiVA: diva2:133600