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Talurahva keelest riigikeeleks
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
2008 (Estonian)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [et]

Raamat annab detailirohke pildi eesti keele tähtsaima allkeele – normeeritud eesti kirjakeele ehk normikeele ajaloost. Käsitlus katab eesti normikeele kogu ajaloo, kuid keskendub sellele ajale, mil selle kujundamises etendasid peaosa eestlased ise. Lugeda võib sedagi, kuidas tehti keeletööd ning tutvuda selle töö erinäoliste osalistega, kelle seas oli väga palju värvirikkaid isiksusi. Raamatus on peatähelepanu suunatud keeleküsimustele, kuid käsitlemist leiab ka keele- ja hariduspoliitika.

Abstract [en]

The monograph gives a detailed account of the formation of Modern Standard Estonian against a broad general background covering the historical and political setting and also official policy vis-à-vis other ethnic groups in Estonia. The necessity of adapting Estonian for new purposes grew to a major issue in the 1850s and the Estonian language became a central symbol of Estonian nationalism, later also Estonian statehood. The rise and practice of linguistic precorrection, which is closely linked to a normative leaning in Estonian language corpus planning and goes beyond the limits of a normal language editing, is described. Lexical borrowing from dominant neighbouring languages, primarily German, later also Russian, evoked targeted purism which in Estonia reverenced Finnish. Finnish being seen as a preserver of a purer, historically more correct language, which could thus serve as a good model for Estonian until quite recenrtly. Several succesful linguistic reforms—orthograhic, lexical as well as grammatical—have been carried out as a result of individual efforts and collective work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tartu: AS Atlex , 2008, 800. , 338 p.
Keyword [en]
Estonian, language planning, language corpus planning, language status planning, language acquisition planning, language reform, standardization, standard language, norms of language, linguistic precorrection, neologisms, loan words, purism
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Finno-Ugric Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-87960DOI: http:/dspace.utlib.ee/dspace/handle/10062/34490ISBN: 978–9949–441–30–3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-87960DiVA: diva2:134004
Available from: 2009-01-16 Created: 2009-01-16 Last updated: 2016-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Raag, Raimo
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Department of Modern Languages
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