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Homeownership, mobility, and home: a reflective housing study on Argentine Ludar and Romanian Rudari
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article presents community-led housing practices of two related Boyash-Roma communities in two different countries: Argentina and Romania. The case of Argentina introduces the story of the Ludar in the Greater Buenos Aires Region (GBAR), a Romanian-speaking sub-group of the Roma, which most likely arrived between 1880 and 1900. The majority of the Ludar are throughout Argentina involved in street vending. The second case concerns the Roma communities of Rudari from Vâlcea County in Romania, which travel to Sweden primarily to beg. Although both cases seem unrelated they inform us how two groups manage to improve their housing conditions and realise a feeling of belonging within a post-crisis context in which racism is rampant, welfare provision largely dissolved, and mobility of people increasingly constrained. These radical coping strategies contribute to an emerging scholarship that studies local practices of Roma communities.

Keywords [en]
racialisation, borderscapes, Roma, resistance, radical housing solutions
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390226OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390226DiVA, id: diva2:1341044
Available from: 2019-08-07 Created: 2019-08-07 Last updated: 2019-08-12
In thesis
1. Dwelling on Substandard Housing: A multi-site contextualisation of housing deprivation among Romanian Roma
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dwelling on Substandard Housing: A multi-site contextualisation of housing deprivation among Romanian Roma
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explores the housing situation of Romanian Roma in recent times. Many Romanian Roma are relegated to inadequate living condi­tions, and this thesis seeks to further our knowledge of the spaces this group inhabits. This is done by focusing on postsocialist urban segrega­tion, institutional intervention inertia, and local efforts made and strate­gies deployed by Roma to appropriate decent living conditions.

Paper I examines the postsocialist relegation of poor Bucharesters to the impoverished southern parts of Ferentari, a neighbourhood in Roma­nia’s capital. The paper proposes a theoretical understanding of Roma­nia’s postsocialist production of urban space by drawing on the housing trajectories of residents of various housing types, ranging from small apartments to newly built slums.

Paper II brings the perspective of Bucharest’s local officials to the fore, analysing institutional dynamics and policymaking in Bucharest’s poorest administrative division, where Ferentari is situated. In this article, political inertia is highlighted as comprising a problematic pairing of political disregard of welfare provision and racialised understandings of Ferentari’s citizens. As a result, no concrete and rigorous efforts are made to address the neighbourhood’s obvious problems.

Paper III examines the narratives of Romanian Roma who travel to Sweden to earn more income, but where they are also exposed to an un­welcoming context and homelessness. The study helps clarify how certain groups in Europe can be both homeowners and homeless at the same time. This article disputes the assumption that homeownership is a more stable tenure form than for example decommodified rental housing.

Paper IV examines two different and highly mobile housing and earn­ing strategies of two related Boyash-Roma communities in two countries: Argentina and Romania. The Argentine case concerns Romanian-speak­ing Roma involved in street-vending throughout Argentina. The Roma­nian case concerns Rudari from Vâlcea County, who travel to Sweden primarily to beg. The cases illustrate how two groups have managed to improve their housing condi­tions in post-crisis and xenophobic contexts.

In combination, this multi-site research advances our understand­ing of the problems Roma face in finding adequate housing. Although continuously marginalised and excluded, Roma still find ways to cope with their situation and even improve their housing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Social and Economic Geography, 2019. p. 123
Series
Geographica, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 26
Keywords
Roma, Romania, Racialisation, Postsocialism, Housing, Community-led strategies
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390618 (URN)978-91-506-2783-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-09-27, Sal IX, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-09-06

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CiteExportLink to record
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