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UN Peacekeeping and Protection from Sexual Violence
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Conflict Resolution, ISSN 0022-0027, E-ISSN 1552-8766, Vol. 63, no 7, p. 1656-1681Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent years have seen an increased emphasis on both protection of civilians and the problem of sexual violence. We explore the impact of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping on the occurrence of wartime sexual violence. Acknowledging the difficulty in reducing sexual violence, we propose two conditions under which peacekeepers are more likely to be successful: when the mission has a protection mandate and when the conflict actors exercise a high level of control over their forces. We find that the ability of peacekeepers to reduce sexual violence in general is weak. Only police within protection missions reduces the risk of sexual violence by rebels. However, when the actors exercise control, the number of peacekeepers is associated with a lower risk of sexual violence by both governments and rebels. We conclude that dealing with sexual violence by weak and fragmented actors is a challenging task beyond the current capacity of UN peacekeeping.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC , 2019. Vol. 63, no 7, p. 1656-1681
Keywords [en]
civil wars, conflict management, international peacekeeping, wartime sexual violence
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390505DOI: 10.1177/0022002718785003ISI: 000474901800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390505DiVA, id: diva2:1341991
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW2014.0162Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, KarinHultman, Lisa

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