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Characterization of Nd(Tb)-Fe-B-based exchange-spring nanocomposite magnets
Univ Informat Technol & Sci, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Jahangimagar Univ, Dept Phys, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Atom Energy Ctr, Mat Sci Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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2019 (English)In: Emerging Materials Research, ISSN 2046-0147, E-ISSN 2046-0155, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 153-165Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors attempt to optimize for performance the composition of R2Fe14B/Fe3B-based hard nanocomposite alloys with R = neodymium (Nd) and terbium (Tb) by optimizing phases in order to develop hysteresis parameters such as maximum magnetization, coercivity and maximum energy product through variation in composition and heat treatment. The samples were prepared from arc-melted ingots of different compositions. The crystallization temperatures were obtained from the differential scanning calorimeter traces of the samples with the composition Nd(4-x)TbxFe(71)Co(5)Cu(0.5)Nb(1)B(18.5) (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0). Depending on their crystallization temperatures, the samples were annealed at 600, 625, 650, 675 and 700 degrees C for 10 min. Amorphosity and crystallization behavior were studied by X-ray diffraction using copper (Cu) K-alpha radiation (1.5418 angstrom). The Mossbauer spectra of all the samples were recorded at room temperature by using iron-57 (Fe-57) Mossbauer spectrometry in transmission geometry with a constant-acceleration spectrometer. Magnetic properties were determined by a vibrating-sample magnetometer in the as-cast and annealed conditions. Although the highest values of coercivity and remanent ratio were found to be 4.18 kOe and 0.72, respectively, for the sample of composition Nd3Tb1Fe71Co5Cu0.5Nb1B18.5 annealed at 650 degrees C with a higher concentration of terbium, the highest maximum energy product was determined to be 12.67 MGOe for the sample of Nd3.8Tb0.2Fe71Co5Cu0.5Nb1B18.5.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ICE PUBLISHING , 2019. Vol. 8, no 2, p. 153-165
Keywords [en]
amorphous, annealing, nanocomposites
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390593DOI: 10.1680/jemmr.18.00046ISI: 000473343600011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390593DiVA, id: diva2:1342355
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved

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