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Studies of trypanocidal (inhibitory) power of naphthoquinones:: evaluation of quantum chemical molecular descriptors for structure-activity relationships
Department of Chemical Physics and Mathematics, Bioinformatics and Molecular Biomodelling Laboratory, Uruguay.
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2008 (English)In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, Vol. 43, no 10, 2238-2246 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Electronic, lipophilic and steric descriptors included in QSAR-2D and -3D are analyzed for a set of ortho- and para-naphthoquinones that have proved to be powerful oxidative agents with potent trypanocidal activities specially against Leptomonas seymouri and Trypanosoma cruzi. Electronic properties are calculated by means of semiempirical (PM3), ab initio (HF/3-21G) and density functional theory (B3LYP/6-31 + G*) methodologies. Three different electronic states, neutral quinones, hydroquinones and semiquinones, are studied to investigate if any one of them are statistically related with the biological activities. The best correlations were obtained at the B3LYP level of theory because it includes electronic correlation.

The QSAR-2D indicates that the best trypanocidal growth inhibitors are molecules in the semiquinone electronic state, with the following properties: (a) high negative value of EHOMO, (b) high negative charge in the oxygen atoms of the carbonyl groups, (c) high positive charge in the carbon atom of one of carbonyl moieties and (d) high electronegativity (χ). In a complementary way, the QSAR-3D indicates that the electrostatic field correlates with trypanocidal activity and the presence of bulk moieties would increase activity.

The idea of comparing the three electronic states may prove to be of most importance in the general strategy to the design of new trypanocidal drugs. In fact, the experimental results showed that semiquinone is the one really statistically relevant indicating a clear connection between biochemical and theoretical aspects. Finally, we demonstrated that to be a good anti-trypanosomatid compound, the molecule must be a good electron acceptor to reach easily the essential semiquinone state. We expect that the present results motivate new experimental as well as theoretical investigations that confirm our findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 43, no 10, 2238-2246 p.
Keyword [en]
Quantum molecular descriptors, B3LYP, QSAR, Trypanosomatids, o-Naphthoquinones
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Research subject
Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-88087DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2007.12.023ISI: 000260898800022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-88087DiVA: diva2:134350
Available from: 2009-01-20 Created: 2009-01-20 Last updated: 2009-07-14Bibliographically approved

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