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Risk and Protective Factors for Problematic Drinking in Early Adolescence: A Systematic Approach.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
2019 (English)In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Alcohol use during early adolescence is associated with other risk behaviors as well as future health problems. Within the design of a larger prospective research program, a cohort of U.S. inner-city sixth-grade students (N = 1573, mean age = 12.10) were assessed and reassessed in the seventh-grade. Self-reported information was obtained on problems related to alcohol, fixed markers of risk (e.g. sex, age, SES), individual and interpersonal factors (e.g. internalizing and externalizing symptoms) and contextual factors (e.g. substance availability). Alcohol-related problems in seventh grade were foremost predicted by individual and interpersonal factors in the sixth grade including depressive symptoms, conduct problems, a decreased perception of wrongdoing, and affiliation with delinquent peers. In addition, alcohol use in the sixth grade and being of Hispanic or White ethnicity was also associated with subsequent alcohol-related problems. Interventions should be directed towards assessing and treating individual risk factors such as depression and externalizing symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Alcohol problems, Conduct problems, Depression, Early adolescence, Ethnicity
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392222DOI: 10.1007/s10578-019-00925-1PubMedID: 31468271OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392222DiVA, id: diva2:1347542
Available from: 2019-08-31 Created: 2019-08-31 Last updated: 2019-08-31

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