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Vocabulary Development in closely-related languages: Age, word type and cognate facilitation effects in bilingual Swedish-German preschool children
Uppsala University.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6715-7470
2019 (English)In: Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, ISSN 1879-9264, E-ISSN 1879-9272, p. 1-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates vocabulary comprehensionand production in 46 bilingual Swedish-German children age 4-6 growing up inSweden. Using a newly developed tool, the Cross-linguistic Lexical Task (CLT, Haman,Łuniewska & Pomiechowska 2015), the children’s receptive and expressivevocabulary knowledge of nouns and verbs is assessed in both their languages, comparedto each other and over age. Performance on test items of different word types(nouns/verbs; cognates/non-cognates) is also explored. There are clearvocabulary gains with age for the majority language Swedish, but not for theminority (home) language German. Overall vocabulary scores are higher in Swedishthan in German, but this difference only concerns verbs, not nouns. Cognatefacilitation occurs both ways in these closely-related languages, but is strongerin the minority language German. We suggest that what at first sight looks likea noun advantage on the German CLT is largely an effect of Swedish/German cognate status.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. p. 1-39
Keywords [en]
Swedish, German, vocabulary, receptive, expressive, Crosslinguistic lexical task, cognate facilitation, noun advantage
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392548DiVA, id: diva2:1348895
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-05

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Bohnacker, Ute
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Uppsala UniversityDepartment of Linguistics and Philology
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