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Christological Marathi in Cristanchi Sastrazza Cathexismo (1778)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
2019 (English)In: Translating Wor(l)ds: Christianity Across Cultural Boundaries / [ed] Sabine Dedenbach-Salazar Sáenz, Baden-Baden: Academia Verlag , 2019, p. 73-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this article, I analyse the theological language of a bilingual Catholic catechism from 1778, written in Portuguese and a Marathi dialect from northern Konkan, India. The Portuguese title of the catechism is Cathechismo da Doutrina Cristam and the Marathi title Cristanchi Sastrazza Cathexismo. The author is unknown. More specifically, I concentrate on terms and phrases used for expressing ideas about Christology in the Marathi text, and try to find potential points of encounter with forms of religious language in influential Hindu traditions in the Marathi speaking region in western India, especially with Jñāneśvarī and the non-dualistic Vaiṣṇavite Vārkarī movement on the one hand, and Gurucaritra and the three-headed god Dattātreya on the other. The catechism apparently follows an already established practice of rendering Christian theology in the sister languages Marathi and Konkani. One criterion for choices between (1) Indic words, (2) Portuguese loan words and (3) Marathi paraphrase for various theological concepts seems to be desired efficiency to communicate the intended meaning without provoking misunderstandings due to association with ideas belonging to worldviews incompatible with the intended one.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Baden-Baden: Academia Verlag , 2019. p. 73-96
Series
Collectanea Instituti Anthropos ; 51
Keywords [en]
Indian Christian writings, Marathi, Hindu-Christian encounters, religious terminology, translation
National Category
Languages and Literature History of Religions
Research subject
Indology with Classical Sanscrit; History of Religions
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392828ISBN: 978-3-89665-794-7 (print)ISBN: 978-3-89665-795-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392828DiVA, id: diva2:1349970
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved

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Eliasson, Pär

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