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First-arrival tomography with fast sweeping method solving the factored eikonal equation
East China Univ Technol, State Key Lab Nucl Resources & Environm, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China;East China Univ Technol, Dept Geophys, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, Peoples R China;Iowa State Univ, Dept Math, Ames, IA USA.
Iowa State Univ, Dept Math, Ames, IA USA.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2511-187X
East China Univ Technol, State Key Lab Nucl Resources & Environm, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China;East China Univ Technol, Dept Geophys, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, Peoples R China.
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2019 (English)In: Exploration Geophysics, ISSN 0812-3985, E-ISSN 1834-7533, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 144-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a first-arrival tomography incorporating a fast sweeping method (FSM) solving the factored eikonal equation (factored FSM). The traveltime calculation method plays a significant role in velocity inversion. However, for a point source condition, all finite-difference based eikonal solvers suffer from the source singularity problem. Numerical error caused by source singularity will propagate from the source to all computational domains, and makes traveltimes inaccurate. A FSM solving the factored eikonal equation can deal with the source singularity problem very well. Therefore, a first-arrival tomography is developed by incorporating 2D and 3D factored FSMs to provide more accurate traveltimes in velocity inversion. For comparison, an open source package PStomo_eq is used to invert the same data set. It incorporates the traveltime calculation algorithms fdtime2d.c and fdtime3d.c. Traveltime accuracy tests show that factored FSM can generate more accurate traveltimes than FSM, fdtime2d.c and fdtime3d.c. Numerical and field data tests show that inversion with factored FSM can acquire much better tomograms than inversion with fdtime2d.c and fdtime3d.c. Therefore, it is worthwhile using a more accurate traveltime computation method in velocity inversion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 50, no 2, p. 144-158
Keywords [en]
seismic tomography, fast sweeping method, factored eikonal equation
National Category
Geophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392846DOI: 10.1080/08123985.2019.1577110ISI: 000478064000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392846DiVA, id: diva2:1350045
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2019-09-10Bibliographically approved

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