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Burned out to drop out: Exploring the relationship between school burnout and school dropout
Department of Social Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4749-8750
Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Psychology of Education, ISSN 0256-2928, E-ISSN 1878-5174, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 511-528Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the development of school burnout among Finnish youth aged 16-18, specifically with regard to the following three components: a cynical attitude toward the school, feelings of inadequacy as a student, and exhaustion at school. There is evidence of an increase in all three components over time, but only among students on the academic track. There appear to be differences in burnout levels between those who drop out from school and those who do not, and the risk of an individual with high levels of cynicism or feelings of inadequacy dropping out is clearly higher than among those who score low on these two components. When various explanatory variables are controlled for, cynicism still remains a significant factor explaining drop out, and a low grade point average appears to be a major explanatory variable for school dropout. This study is especially interesting in the context of Finland, known for its equality-striving and high-quality educational system. Finnish youth, compared with youth in many other countries, nevertheless have a low level of in-school well-being. We use the Finnish Educational Transitions data (N = 878) collected in four waves, the first three on an annual basis and the fourth 5 years after the first one.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2013. Vol. 28, no 2, p. 511-528
Keywords [en]
Academic track, Longitudinal, School burnout, School dropout, Vocational track
National Category
Psychology Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392681DOI: 10.1007/s10212-012-0126-5ISI: 000318367000020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392681DiVA, id: diva2:1350490
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-11

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