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Smallholders' and large estates' reaction to changed market conditions 1860–1910
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6787-885X
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 312-331Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reduced transport costs and income growth in industrialising European countries changed the market conditions for European farmers in the late nineteenth century. Grain prices fell while dairy prices rose. It has been claimed that these price changes hit large grain farmers with vested interests in grain trade particularly hard, while owner-occupiers and smallholders fared better and with help of developing cooperative associations, came out as successful commercial agriculturalists by switching to intensive branches, foremost dairying. Recent research on the Danish case, shows, however, that change was initiated on large elite estates with long-term dairy traditions. The literature on the Swedish case indicates, that larger farms switched to intensified fodder production quicker than smaller farms did, while in the early twentieth century smaller farms played an un-proportionally large role on the dairy market. Using individual farm data from two East-central Swedish parishes in 1878/80, 1895/96 and 1910/11, it is shown, that larger farms tended to modernise crop rotations and switch towards dairy production earlier than small farms did. Smaller farms caught up, and by 1910 their land use was about as strongly adapted to commercial dairy production as larger farms' land use was.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 67, no 3, p. 312-331
Keywords [en]
Land use changes, agricultural specialisation, relative price changes 1860–1910
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393268DOI: 10.1080/03585522.2019.1620850ISI: 000498046600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393268DiVA, id: diva2:1352389
Projects
Agrarekonomisk tillväxt eller stagnation i Mälardale: Regionala produktionsdata 1750-1920. Handelsbankens forskningsstiftelser, P2017-0029:1
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius FoundationAvailable from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Morell, MatsSöderhäll, Martin

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