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Disorganized attachment representations, externalizing behavior problems, and socioemotional competences in early school-age
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)In: Attachment & Human Development, ISSN 1461-6734, E-ISSN 1469-2988, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACTMultifactorial research must examine if disorganized attachment is specifically associated with either ODD- or ADHD-symptoms,and the mechanisms through which disorganization may become associated with externalizing problems. The present short-term longitudinal study therefore examined attachment representations, and several competences important for socio-emotional functioning, in relation to ODD- and ADHD-symptoms at T1 (N = 105, M age = 80 months) and T2 (N = 80, M age = 104 months). There was a main effect of disorganized attachment on ODD-symptoms at both time points but not on ADHD-symptoms. Disorganized children also showed lowered attention to facial expressions, a diminished ability to discriminate facial expressions, and elevated emotional reactivity. Emotional reactivity mediated the link between disorganization and ODD-symptoms at T1, but not at T2. The findings support disorganized attachment as a risk-factor for ODD-symptoms rather than ADHD-symptoms, and suggest that disorganization may become associated with ODD-symptoms through broad effects on multiple competences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2019. p. 1-26
National Category
Psychology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393400DOI: 10.1080/14616734.2019.1664603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393400DiVA, id: diva2:1353158
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20

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Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1664603

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