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Sweden – Country Report: Legal & Policy Framework of Migration Governance.: Working papers Global Migration: Consequences and Responses
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions. (Religionspsykologi)
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The report aims to present the legal and policy framework of migration in Sweden in a period between 2011 and 2017. In the mentioned time Sweden witnessed a U-turn in migration governance linked with an unprecedented influx of asylum seekers in 2015 when more than 160,000 asylum applications were submitted, and introduction of a new temporary law on asylum in 2016. Since 2016, Sweden has been reshaping its image of a country open to refugees through new restrictive legislative measures which are a response not only to the mass migration, but also to lack of solidarity within the European Union on the matter of refugees acceptance. After the World War II Sweden, due to its level of economic development, the state model (welfare state) and the political system (established democracy), has become a desired destination for migrants and refugees. The constitutional entrenchment of the asylum principle in Sweden is derived from its international and European commitments, namely the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the 1951 Geneva Convention for Refugees and other international human rights instruments. The migration governance system in Sweden consists of several legislative acts dealing with different aspects of migration and asylum, such as asylum judicial procedures, reception, detention, health case, allowance, citizenship and boarders control. Considering migration management structure, the responsibility to enact and coordinate the various judicial, legislative, administrative and financial aspects related to migration and asylum rests in hands of the Ministry of Justice and is performed through its three divisions: Division for Migration Law (L7), Division for Migration and Asylum Policy (EMA) and Division for Management of Migration Affairs (SIM). After the record number of migrants coming to Sweden in 2015 and, as a result, the highest number of application for residence permit in the same year, the government introduced in 2016 restrictions to granting residence permit. Some of the main changes were to take away the possibility of permanent residency permit and tightened the family reunification possibility in order to reach the minimum level in comparison to an international and European level or to what the family reunification process in Sweden used to be before July 2016.

In the section ‘Legal Status of Foreigners’ the report presents the legal process of granting an asylum in Sweden, including requirements for submitting an application, steps of the procedures of application, registration and reception, identification process of an asylum seeker, rights to information and legal counselling, and other rights given to an asylum seeker such as access to housing, labour market, professional trainings and health care system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 74
Series
Global Migration: Consequences and Responses - RESPOND Working Paper Series ; 2018/10
Keywords [en]
Sweden, EU, Migration, Asylum, refugee crisis, legal & policy framework, socio-economic context, migration governance
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393473DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1418587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393473DiVA, id: diva2:1353520
Part of project
RESPOND: Multilevel Governance of Mass Migration in Europe and Beyond
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 770564Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-09-23

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