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Exit, Voice, and Political Change: Evidence from Swedish Mass Migration to the United States
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534X, Vol. 127, no 4, p. 1864-1925Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the political effects of mass emigration to the United States in the nineteenth century using data from Sweden. To instrument for total emigration over several decades, we exploit severe local frost shocks that sparked an initial wave of emigration, interacted with within-country travel costs. Our estimates show that emigration substantially increased the local demand for political change, as measured by labor movement membership, strike participation, and voting. Emigration also led to de facto political change, increasing welfare expenditures as well as the likelihood of adopting more inclusive political institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UNIV CHICAGO PRESS , 2019. Vol. 127, no 4, p. 1864-1925
National Category
Economics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393630DOI: 10.1086/701682ISI: 000480603900011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393630DiVA, id: diva2:1354813
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Karadja, Mounir

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