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Kashmir in Comparative Perspective: Democracy and Violent Separatism in India
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2359-4193
2019 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

What are the causes behind the "the Kashmir conflict"? Is it one or several conflicts? This book (previously published by Oxford University Press and RoutledgeCurzon) provides answers to such questions. Kashmir in Comparative Perspective investigates the factors that led to the breakdown of democracy and the rise of violent separatism in Jammu and Kashmir in the 1980s. Using unique empirical material, including interviews with representatives of the Government of India, the Inter-Services Intelligence in Pakistan, and separatist leaders in Jammu and Kashmir, the author argues that the emergence of incompatible identities should be regarded as an outcome of a preceding and distinctly political conflict in Jammu and Kashmir during the 1980s. This conflict, which later escalated into a small-scale civil war, was the result of disputes between the elites in Jammu and Kashmir and the central government. Comparisons with developments in other states in India, namely West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, suggest that it is a mistake to see an ethnic factor as the main cause of the conflict in Jammu and Kashmir. Furthermore, although it is clear that Pakistan has actively supported the uprising, and that poor socio-economic conditions may have fuelled discontent in Jammu and Kashmir, the conflict cannot be explained by such factors alone. This edition describes developments relating to the "Kashmir question" up until 2005.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Small Country , 2019, 4.
Keywords [en]
Kashmir, India, Pakistan, conflict
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science; Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393808ISBN: 978-91-519-2668-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393808DiVA, id: diva2:1355182
Available from: 2019-09-27 Created: 2019-09-27 Last updated: 2019-09-27

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