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Adherence to oxygen saturation targets increased in preterm infants when a higher target range and tighter alarm limits were introduced
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Stockholm, Sweden;South Gen Hosp, Sachs Children & Youth Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Söderberg: Ophthalmic Biophysics.
Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 108, no 9, p. 1584-1589Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

European consensus guidelines published in May 2013 recommended a target peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) range of 90–95% for preterm infants. These were incorporated into guidelines at the Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden, in November 2013. This study compared clinical practice before and after those local guidelines.

Methods

We included infants who were born between 23 + 0 and 30 + 6 weeks from January 1, 2013 to December, 31 2015 and received intensive care in two Karolinska units. The lower saturation target of 88–92% and alarm limits of 85–95% used before November 2013 were compared to the new higher saturation target of 90–95% and alarm limits of 89–96%.

Results

Data from 399 infants were analysed. The mean SpO2 was 92.4% with the higher target (n = 301) and 91.1% with the lower target (n = 98). Using the higher instead of lower target meant that the SpO2 was within the prescribed target range more frequently (51% versus 30%) and the proportion of time with SpO2 >95% was increased by 9% (95% confidence interval 7–11%, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The higher saturation target and tighter alarm limits led to higher mean oxygen saturation, increased adherence to the target and increased time with hyperoxaemia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 108, no 9, p. 1584-1589
Keywords [en]
Oxygenation, Preterm infants, Pulse oximetry, Retinopathy of prematurity, Saturation target
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393865DOI: 10.1111/apa.14808ISI: 000479320100007PubMedID: 30951230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393865DiVA, id: diva2:1355791
Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved

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