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Möjligheter till resonemang i textuppgifter i matematik: En jämförelse mellan läroböcker i grund- och gymnasieskolan
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

In this work, text tasks are studied and compared in the textbooks in mathematics with respect to the requirements they set on the students' mathematical reasoning ability. The study is based on Swedish (mathematics) textbooks for lower secondary school year 7 and upper secondary school course 1b. The inference for this study is that mathematics teaching is to a large extent textbook-based and that there is therefore a need for teaching material that provides sufficient challenge for students to develop their mathematical reasoning ability. This study examines the requirements of creative or imitative reasoning in tasks that must be processed in one or more steps. Reasoning is studied with respect to whether the students are offered a guided algorithm, if the information contains all the details needed, and whether it is enough to focus on special words in the task to solve it correctly.

I found that differences in required reasoning are not large between text tasks in lower and upper secondary school textbooks. In both lower and upper secondary school, the majority of the tasks are two- or multi-step, 73% and 64% respectively. Additionally, the majority of the tasks use the same algorithm that has been used in descriptions or examples, representing 68% in lower and 74% in upper secondary school books. Moreover, in the lower and the upper secondary school books, the majority of one-step tasks contain consistent key words.

In conclusion, the progression of demands for creative reasoning is low in the text tasks. Moreover, requirements for own algorithm, thus creative reasoning of students, is challenged to a lesser extent in upper secondary compared to lower secondary school books.

 

Keywords: mathematics, mathematics textbooks, reasoning, text tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 54
Series
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier
Keywords [en]
mathematics, mathematics textbooks, reasoning, text tasks.
Keywords [sv]
Matematik, textuppgifter, matematikläroböcker, matematiskt resonemang
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395187OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395187DiVA, id: diva2:1360970
Subject / course
Didaktik
Educational program
Master Programme in Education
Presentation
(Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-29 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf