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Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and future expectations in Russian adolescents
Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, Dept Prevent Intervent Psychiat Disorders, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan;Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change SCOHOST, S-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.
UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Reg Ctr Child & Youth Mental Hlth & Child Welf, Tromso, Norway.
Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, Dept Prevent Intervent Psychiat Disorders, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan.
Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, Dept Prevent Intervent Psychiat Disorders, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan.
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2019 (English)In: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, ISSN 1866-6116, E-ISSN 1866-6647, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 279-287Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the role of future expectations-the extent to which a future outcome is deemed likely-in the health and well-being of adolescents, with research linking future expectations to outcomes such as an increased likelihood of engaging in risky health behaviors. As yet, however, there has been no research on future expectations and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms/possible ADHD status and future expectations in a school-based sample of adolescents. Data were analyzed from 537 Russian adolescents (aged 12-17) with teacher-reported ADHD symptoms and self-reported future expectations. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations. In fully adjusted analyses, inattention symptoms/possible ADHD inattentive status was associated with lower future educational expectations, while a possible ADHD hyperactivity status was associated with increased odds for negative future expectations relating to work, family and succeeding in what is most important. The findings of this study suggest that greater ADHD symptoms/possible ADHD status in adolescence may be linked to an increased risk for negative future expectations across a variety of different life domains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER WIEN , 2019. Vol. 11, no 3, p. 279-287
Keywords [en]
ADHD, Adolescent, Future expectations, Hyperactivity, Inattention
National Category
Psychiatry Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-394697DOI: 10.1007/s12402-019-00292-wISI: 000484481000007PubMedID: 30852726OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-394697DiVA, id: diva2:1362556
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved

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Ruchkin, Vladislav V.

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