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Metal nanowire networks: Recent advances and challenges for new generation photovoltaics
Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
KTH Royal Inst Technol, Div Appl Phys Chem, Dept Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9358-8277
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2019 (English)In: MATERIALS TODAY ENERGY, ISSN 2468-6069, Vol. 13, p. 152-185Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transparent conducting electrodes which allow photons passing through and simultaneously transfers the charge carriers are critical for the construction of high-performance photovoltaic cells. Electrodes based on metal oxides, such as indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) or fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO), may have limited application in new generation flexible solar cells, which employ solution-processed roll-to-roll or ink-printing techniques toward large-area-fabrication approach, due to their brittleness and poor mechanical properties. Metal nanowire network (MNWN) emerges as a highly potential alternative candidate instead of ITO or FTO due to the high transparency, low sheet resistance, low cost, solution processable and compatibility with a flexible substrate for high throughput production. This feature article systematically summarizes the recent advances of the MNWNs, including new concepts and emerging strategies for the synthesis of metal nanowires (MNWs), various approaches for the preparation of MNWNs and comprehensively discusses the novel MNWN electrodes prepared on different substrates. The state-of-the-art new generation solar cell devices, such as transparent, flexible and light-weight solar cells, with MNWN as a transparent conductive electrode are emphasized. Finally, the opportunities and challenges for the development of MNWN electrodes toward application in the new generations of photovoltaic devices are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 13, p. 152-185
Keywords [en]
Metal nanowire network, Transparent electrode, New-generation photovoltaic, Solar cell, Conductivity
National Category
Materials Chemistry Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395632DOI: 10.1016/j.mtener.2019.05.007ISI: 000486148000016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395632DiVA, id: diva2:1365110
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Research Council, 2017/192(182)StandUpAvailable from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-23 Last updated: 2019-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Erik

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