uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Decomposing ethnic differences in body mass index and obesity rates among New Zealand pre-schoolers
A Better Start Natl Sci Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand;Univ Auckland, Ctr Methods & Policy Applicat Social Sci, Auckland, New Zealand.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. A Better Start Natl Sci Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand;Univ Auckland, Liggins Inst, Auckland, New Zealand.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1226-1956
A Better Start Natl Sci Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand;Univ Otago, Dunedin Sch Med, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Dunedin, New Zealand.
A Better Start Natl Sci Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand;Univ Otago, Dunedin Sch Med, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 1951-1960Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To determine the extent to which ethnic differences in BMI Z-scores and obesity rates could be explained by the differential distribution of demographic (e.g. age), familial (e.g. family income), area (e.g. area deprivation), parental (e.g. immigration status), and birth (e.g. gestational age) characteristics across ethnic groups. Methods We used data on 4-year-old children born in New Zealand who attended the B4 School Check between the fiscal years of 2010/2011 to 2015/2016, who were resident in the country when the 2013 census was completed (n = 253,260). We implemented an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition to explain differences in BMI Z-score and obesity between Maori (n = 63,061) and European (n = 139,546) children, and Pacific (n = 21,527) and European children. Results Overall, 15.2% of the children were obese and mean BMI Z-score was 0.66 (SD = 1.04). The Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition demonstrated that the difference in obesity rates between Maori and European children would halve if Maori children experienced the same familial and area level conditions as Europeans. If Pacific children had the same characteristics as European children, differences in obesity rates would reduce by approximately one third, but differences in mean BMI Z-scores would only reduce by 16.1%. Conclusion The differential distribution of familial, parental, area, and birth characteristics across ethnic groups explain a substantial percentage of the ethnic differences in obesity, especially for Maori compared to European children. However, marked disparities remain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2019. Vol. 43, no 10, p. 1951-1960
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395720DOI: 10.1038/s41366-019-0390-4ISI: 000488494400008PubMedID: 31197250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395720DiVA, id: diva2:1365362
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Derraik, Jose G. B.

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Derraik, Jose G. B.Taylor, Barry
By organisation
Department of Women's and Children's Health
In the same journal
International Journal of Obesity
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyPediatrics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 8 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf