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Monoclonal Antibody Responses after Recombinant Hemagglutinin Vaccine versus Subunit Inactivated Influenza Virus Vaccine: a Comparative Study
Univ Chicago, Dept Med, Sect Rheumatol, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Univ Chicago, Dept Med, Sect Rheumatol, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2651-3109
Univ Chicago, Dept Med, Sect Rheumatol, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.
Univ Chicago, Dept Med, Sect Rheumatol, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 93, no 21, article id e01150-19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vaccination is the best measure of protection against influenza virus infection. Vaccine-induced antibody responses target mainly the hemagglutinin (HA) surface glycoprotein, composed of the head and the stalk domains. Recently two novel vaccine platforms have been developed for seasonal influenza vaccination: a recombinant HA vaccine produced in insect cells (Flublok) and Flucelvax, prepared from virions produced in mammalian cells. In order to compare the fine specificity of the antibodies induced by these two novel vaccine platforms, we characterized 42 Flublok-induced monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and 38 Flucelvax-induced MAbs for avidity, cross-reactivity, and any selectivity toward the head versus the stalk domain. These studies revealed that Flublok induced a greater proportion of MAbs targeting epitopes near the receptor-binding domain on HA head (hemagglutinin inhibition-positive MAbs) than Flucelvax, while the two vaccines induced similar low frequencies of stalk-reactive MAbs. Finally, mice immunized with Flublok and Flucelvax also induced similar frequencies of stalk-reactive antibody-secreting cells, showing that HA head immunodominance is independent of immune memory bias. Collectively, our results suggest that these vaccine formulations are similarly immunogenic but differ in the preferences of the elicited antibodies toward the receptor-binding domain on the HA head.

IMPORTANCE: There are ongoing efforts to increase the efficacy of influenza vaccines and to promote production strategies that can rapidly respond to newly emerging viruses. It is important to understand if current alternative seasonal vaccines, such as Flublok and Flucelvax, that use alternate production strategies can induce protective influenza-specific antibodies and to evaluate what type of epitopes are targeted by distinct vaccine formulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY , 2019. Vol. 93, no 21, article id e01150-19
Keywords [en]
Flublok, Flucelvax, antibody responses, influenza vaccines
National Category
Immunology in the medical area Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396434DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01150-19ISI: 000490259000030PubMedID: 31434733OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396434DiVA, id: diva2:1368103
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved

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Palm, Anna-Karin E.

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