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First-Principles Mapping of the Electronic Properties of Two-Dimensional Materials for Strain-Tunable Nanoelectronics
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
Univ Oslo, Dept Phys, Ctr Mat Sci & Nanotechnol, POB 1048, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2366-2838
Univ Oslo, Dept Phys, Ctr Mat Sci & Nanotechnol, POB 1048, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway.
2019 (English)In: ACS APPLIED NANO MATERIALS, ISSN 2574-0970, Vol. 2, no 9, p. 5614-5624Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Herein, we demonstrate that first-principles calculations can be used for mapping of the electronic properties of two-dimensional (2d) materials with respect to nonuniform strain. By investigating four representative single-layer 2d compounds with different symmetries and bonding characters, namely, 2d-MoS2, phosphorene, alpha-Te, and beta-Te, we reveal that such a mapping can be an effective guidance for advanced strain engineering and the development of strain-tunable nano electronics devices, including transistors, sensors, and photodetectors. Thus, we show that alpha-Te and beta-Te are considerably more elastic compared to the 2d compounds with strong chemical bonding. In the case of beta-Te, mapping uncovers the existence of curious regimes where nonuniform deformations allow one to achieve unique localization of band edges in momentum space that cannot be realized under either uniform or uniaxial deformations. For all other systems, the strain mapping is shown to provide deeper insight into the known trends of band-gap modulation and direct-indirect transitions under strain. Hence, we prove that the standard way of analyzing selected strain directions is insufficient for some 2d systems, and a more general mapping strategy should be employed instead.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 2, no 9, p. 5614-5624
Keywords [en]
nonuniform strain, band gap, 2d materials, spin-orbit coupling, strain engineering
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396540DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.9b01164ISI: 000488423900031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396540DiVA, id: diva2:1368587
Available from: 2019-11-07 Created: 2019-11-07 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved

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Sopiha, Kostiantyn V

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