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The situational context and the reliability of an adult model influence infants’ imitation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)In: Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems, ISSN 1572-0373, E-ISSN 1572-0381, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 375-390Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Four studies examined 15- to 16-month-olds’ imitation of a model’s novel action with a familiar or an unfamiliar object. The infants observed a reliable or an unreliable model demonstrating a novel action with the object in a solitary observational (Study 1, 44 infants; Study 3, 40 infants) or in an interactive (Study 2, 48 infants; Study 4, 44 infants) context. The model’s reliability was manipulated by having the model acting competently or incompetently with different familiar objects. In two out of four studies infants imitated the model’s behavior when the model had previously shown to be reliable than when the model had been unreliable. The infants’ motivation to imitate was related to whether the reliable model interacted with the infants during object demonstration. More infants imitated the reliable model, who demonstrated the objects while interacting with the infants, than the reliable model who behaved in a disinterested manner during object demonstration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins , 2019. Vol. 20, no 2, p. 375-390
Keywords [en]
solitary observational context, reliable model, infants, interactive context, unreliable model, imitation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396755DOI: 10.1075/is.18065.steOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396755DiVA, id: diva2:1368826
Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2019-11-08

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