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Object-Oriented Didactics
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, SWEDESD - The Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development. Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7052-1088
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Current educational and especially didactical approaches are struggling to cope with sustainability and climate change issues. Sustainability issues in education do not respect disciplinary borders, compartmentalizations, and are not reducible to particular subjects of education, agendas on national education policies, nor do they fit into neatly definable categories like environmental or social issues. More significantly, sustainability issues challenge key assumptions underlying educational thought per se, as they not problems which can be solved alone by improving human learning and apprehension. That is, they are not reducible to discourse, practice, and knowledge. The way in which climate change appears to humans does not exhaust the issue or problem at hand, and, as opposed to various social challenges, we cannot simply choose to apprehend or engage with these processes differently and thereby (dis)solve them. Hence, climate change illustrates the inability of an idealist account of education and social response to sustainability issues. The very notion of climate change highlights the idealist anthropocentric fallacy to assume that a thing (the climate) is reducible to human apprehension (for us the climate is changing), as the climate has been there before humans and has been changing before humans are able to account for it (e.g. the ice ages). Education and social responses to global warming struggle for approaches to address those aspects of things that are beyond the possibility of  human apprehension (climate without/before humans) and by their exclusion (reduction of climate to a climate for us) can be seen to reproduce structures in human practice that amplify the prevalence of sustainability issues. In this paper, we propose that the educational challenges of addressing issues like climate change a grounded in the subject-orientedness of education; the tendency to reduce an issue to the way in which it appears, affects and is manipulated by the human subject as learner. Hence, the issue is reduced to how it is an issue for the human subject, assuming a somewhat exclusive and self-centred (transcendental) position of the human to know and control an issue in practice. In education, this entails the reduction of an issue to a content of education that is to be engaged with by a student and under the didactical intervention of the teacher. As in the subject-oriented didactical triangle, the sustainability issues is reduced to a content of education that has a determinable educative potential (Bildungssubstanz/Bildungsgehalt) in relation to a human learner as well as to the teachers' disciplinary knowledge.

This presentation aims to introduce an alternate didactical approach, an object-oriented didactics. The axiomatic starting point is here a reintroduction of the Kantian notion of the thing-in-itself that is not reducible to or congruent with a thing-for-us. Consequently, an object-oriented didactical approach differentiates between a content of education (Bildungsinhalt) and object of education (Bildungsgegenstand), where the object of education escapes the learner´s as well as teacher´s attempt to reduce it to a content of education with an determinable educative potential (Bildungssubstanz/Bildungsgehalt).

The establishment of an axiomatic set of premises of an object-oriented didactics is to allow for a re-engagement with sustainability-related objects of education and with what their indeterminable educational potential means for didactical interventions and expected outcomes of education. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hamburg, 2019.
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Curriculum Studies; Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397066DiVA, id: diva2:1370249
Conference
European Conference on Educational Research
Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-14

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Bengtsson, Stefan L.

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