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Plants mentioned in the Islamic Scriptures (Holy Qur'an and Ahadith): Traditional uses and medicinal importance in contemporary times
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Farmakognosi. Al Rayan Coll, Al Ragan Res & Innovat Ctr, Medina 42541, Saudi Arabia;Menoufia Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Chem, Shibin Al Kawm 32512, Egypt.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2519-6690
Stockholm Univ, Wenner Gren Inst, Dept Mol Biosci, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Clin Res Ctr, Huddinge, Sweden.
Menoufia Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Chem, Shibin Al Kawm 32512, Egypt.
Int Islamic Univ Malaysia, Dept Pharmaceut Chem, Fac Pharm, Kuantan 25200, Pahang, Malaysia.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, ISSN 0378-8741, E-ISSN 1872-7573, Vol. 243, article id 112007Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Over the past thousand years, Islamic physicians have collected cultural, philosophical, sociological and historical backgrounds for understanding diseases and medications. The Prophet Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) said: "There is no disease that Allah has created, except that Allah also has created its cure." Therefore, Islamic scholars are encouraged to explore and use both traditional and modern forms of medicine. Aim of the study: (1) To identify some of the medicinal plants mentioned in the Holy Qur'an and Ahadith textbooks of the period 700-1500 AD; (2) to compare them with presently used traditional medicines; (3) to evaluate their value based on modern research; and (4) to investigate the contributions of Islamic scholars to the development of the scientific branches, particularly medicine. Materials and methods: A literature search was performed relating to 12 medicinal plants mentioned in the Holy Qur'an and Ahadith using textbooks, Al-Azhar scholars, published articles, the plant list website (http://www.theplantlist.org/), the medicinal plant names services website (http://mpns.kew.org/mpns-portal/) and web databases (PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar). Results and discussion: The Islamic Golden Age was a step towards modern medicine, with unique insights and multi-disciplinary aspects. Traditional Islamic Medicine has had a significant impact on the development of various medical, scientific and educational activities. Innumerable Muslim and non-Muslim physicians have built on the strong foundation of Traditional Islamic Medicine by translating the described natural remedies and effects. The influences of different ancient cultures on the traditional uses of natural products were also documented in Islamic Scriptures in the last part of the second millennium. The divine teachings of Islam combine natural and practical healing and incorporate inherited science and technology. Conclusion: In this review, we discuss Traditional Islamic Medicine with reference to both medical recommendations mentioned in the Holy Qur'an and Prophetic Traditional Medicine (al-Tibb al-Nabawi). Although the molecular mechanisms and functions of some of the listed medicinal plants and their derivatives have been intensively studied, some traditional remedies have yet to be translated into clinical applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 243, article id 112007
Keywords [en]
Medicinal plants, Traditional Islamic medicine, Ethnopharmacology, Bioactive natural products, Clinical studies
National Category
History of Religions Religious Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396463DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.112007ISI: 000488997900001PubMedID: 31170516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396463DiVA, id: diva2:1370557
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-05885Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved

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El-Seedi, Hesham R.

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